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Magnetic Signature of a Submarine

A vessel traveling on the surface or under water gives rise to detectable local disturbances in the Earth’s magnetic field. These disturbances can be used to trigger weapon systems. The magnetic signature of a ship can be reduced by generating a counteracting magnetic field of suitable strength and direction based on prior knowledge of the magnetic properties of the vessel. This model ...

Multi-Turn Coil Above an Asymmetric Conductor Plate

This model solves the Testing Electromagnetic Analysis Methods (TEAM) problem 7, “Asymmetrical Conductor with a Hole”—a benchmark problem concerning the calculation of eddy currents and magnetic fields produced when an aluminum conductor is placed asymmetrically above a multi-turn coil carrying a sinusoidally varying current. The simulation results at specified positions in space are compared ...

Generator in 2D

In this model, a rotor with permanent magnets and a nonlinear magnetic material rotates within a stator of the same magnetic material. The generated voltage in windings around the stator is calculated as a function of time. COMSOL Multiphysics models the rotation with assemblies and identity pairs. The nonlinearity of the magnetic material is also taken into account using an interpolation ...

Transient Modeling of a Capacitor in a Circuit

A transient model of a capacitor is solved in combination with an external electrical circuit. The finite element model of the capacitor is combined with a circuit model of a voltage source and a resistor. A step change in voltage is applied, and the transient current through the capacitor is computed and compared to the analytic result.

Electron Beam Diverging Due to Self Potential

When modeling the propagation of charged particle beams at high currents, the space charge force generated by the beam significantly affects the trajectories of the charged particles. Perturbations to these trajectories, in turn, affect the space charge distribution. The Charged Particle Tracing interface can use an iterative procedure to efficiently compute the strongly coupled particle ...

Mutual Inductance and Induced Currents in a Multi-Turn Coil

The mutual inductance and induced currents between a single turn primary and twenty turn secondary coil in a concentric coplanar arrangement is computed using a frequency domain model. The secondary coil is modeled using a homogenized approach which does not explicitly consider each turn of the coil. The results are compared against analytic predictions.

Multi-Turn Coil Winding around a Ferromagnet

A demo model of a 50 Hz AC coil wound around a ferromagnetic (linear) core. The model is intended as a tutorial to show how to create a relatively complex geometry and set up the new Multi-Turn Coil features for the simulation. The model requires the Design module to fillet the edges of the block.

Voltage Induced in a Coil by a Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced ...

Iron Sphere in a 60 Hz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is low enough such that the skin depth is larger than the radius of the sphere. A reduced field formulation is used to impose the background field. Two approaches for solving this problem are shown. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the ...

Integrated Square-Shaped Spiral Inductor

This model considers a square inductor that is used for LC bandpass filters in MEMS systems. The simulation calculates the self-inductance. The first step in the modeling is to compute the currents in the inductor. These currents are the source for the magnetic flux computations, carried out in a second step.