Modeling Electrodes and External Short Circuits in Corrosion Analyses

Edmund Dickinson March 14, 2017

In corrosion analysis, we often want to study corroding surfaces whose electrical connectivity is not as simple as a controlled current or voltage. Instead, an electrode surface might be short circuited to another electrode through a direct connection, such as the electrical connection between a monopile and transition piece. Here, we look at how to describe these electrodes and external short circuits using the appropriate boundary conditions in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Bridget Cunningham March 13, 2017

Noncommunicable diseases place a socioeconomic strain on low- to middle-income countries. The advent of noninvasive technology offers a solution, effectively diagnosing, preventing, and treating these diseases at a lower cost. For chronic kidney disease, one type of noncommunicable disease, such advancements are important because current methods are expensive and prone to error. As simulation research shows, sensors based on complementary split ring resonators (CSRRs) provide an inexpensive way to accurately monitor chronic kidney disease.

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Bridget Cunningham March 10, 2017

While reverse electrodialysis (RED) is a promising source of renewable energy, it can be a challenging process to analyze. The performance of RED units is affected by the physical phenomena that occur when converting salinity gradient energy into electric current. To address this, one team of researchers used a novel approach to model such systems in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Their multiphysics model and subsequent simulation studies provide further insight into designing and optimizing RED units.

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Bridget Cunningham March 9, 2017

When a superconducting magnet suddenly transitions to a normal state — known as a quench — its coils may overheat. Quench detection and protection systems are often included in the magnets to enable safer operation. For these systems to be effective, it’s important to understand the resulting electrothermal transient phenomena that take place within the magnet. Using numerical simulation, we can develop sophisticated systems that prevent possible disruption effects.

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Nancy Bannach March 8, 2017

Thermoelectric coolers come in various types and sizes, including single-stage and multistage devices. Their application area is large, as they are used in both consumer products like cooling boxes and as temperature controllers in satellites. If you are looking to analyze the design of a thermoelectric cooler and optimize it for a specific application area, a simulation app is an efficient way to accomplish your goals. We discuss how to use the Thermoelectric Cooler demo app in this blog post.

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Caty Fairclough March 6, 2017

One way to design utility boilers with high thermal efficiency is to improve their furnaces — the most important part in their energy conversion process. Studying furnaces in utility boilers requires engineers to account for radiation, which can be difficult to solve for analytically and expensive to study experimentally. As an alternative, we can use the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to analyze radiative heat transfer in utility boiler furnaces and improve their designs.

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Walter Frei March 2, 2017

Have you ever modeled deforming objects in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and wanted to know the distance between them? In today’s blog post, we will look at how to compute distances between objects using methods for determining the closest distance field. We’ll also find out how to use the distance field as a part of a multiphysics model.

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Bridget Cunningham March 1, 2017

To provide sufficient support for a rotating shaft or journal, it is important to choose a hydrodynamic bearing design with the right load capacity. If the applied loads are greater than a bearing design can handle, it can cause excessive wear and instability. With the Rotordynamics Module, an add-on product to the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, you can compare the load capacities for different types of hydrodynamic bearings and determine which one is best suited for your particular application.

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Rémi Magnard February 28, 2017

When modeling a structure with beam elements, we don’t use the actual 3D geometry. Instead, we use a line model, which represents the other two dimensions through defining a set of cross-section properties. With the Beam Section Calculator simulation app, we can easily find the properties for a wide range of beam sections from European and American standards. The app also makes it simple to accurately compute the stress distribution for a given set of applied moments and forces.

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Yosuke Mizuyama February 27, 2017

We previously learned how to calculate the Fourier transform of a rectangular aperture in a Fraunhofer diffraction model in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In that example, the aperture was given as an analytical function. The procedure is a bit different if the source data for the Fourier transformation is a computed solution. In this blog post, we will learn how to implement the Fourier transformation for computed solutions with an electromagnetic simulation of a Fresnel lens.

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Caty Fairclough February 23, 2017

Maintaining cool temperatures in buildings is necessary to keep people comfortable, particularly for those living in hot climates. For houses that aren’t optimized for thermal performance, cooling requires large amounts of energy and money. To reduce these costs, researchers from the University of Ferrara, Italy looked to improve roofs as part of the Life HEROTILE project. To accomplish this, they modeled novel roof tiles that are designed to increase air permeability and lower cooling costs.

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