## Understanding the Different Elements of Gear Modeling

##### Pawan Soami October 18, 2016

To accurately simulate a gear and obtain useful results, it is important to consider a number of elements behind the device’s design and how they are modeled. New features and functionality in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software provide you with the tools to address such properties and thus advance the reliability of your simulation studies. Today, we’ll review the various elements of gear modeling and explain how to account for them in our modeling processes.

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### How to Model Large-Strain Viscoelasticity in COMSOL Multiphysics®

##### Ed Gonzalez October 11, 2016

Many polymers and biological tissues exhibit viscoelastic deformation, which has a time-dependent response even if the loading is constant in time. Linear viscoelasticity, where the stress depends linearly on the strain and strain rate, is a common approximation. We usually assume that the viscous part of the deformation is incompressible, so the volumetric deformation is purely elastic. As of COMSOL Multiphysics® 5.2a, you can model large-strain viscoelasticity besides linear viscoelasticity. See how to use this material model in a biomedical […]

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### Efficiently Calculating the Acoustic Transfer Impedance of a Perforate

##### Linus Andersson September 29, 2016

Perforations, in mufflers for example, enable partial sound transmission between chambers as well as in and out of pipes. When simulating perforates, it’s possible to draw and mesh each hole, but this increases the time it takes to solve the model. For a more efficient approach, we can apply a semitransparent boundary. Here, we’ll discuss several techniques for doing so as well as describe a method for computing the transfer impedance of the perforate.

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### Reduce the Fan Noise of a Turbofan Aeroengine with Simulation

##### Caty Fairclough September 26, 2016

The fans in an airplane’s turbofan engine are one of its main sources of noise. In excess, this can cause a range of health problems, including hearing impairment, sleep disturbance, and stress-related illnesses. To optimize the design of turbofan engines to reduce noise pollution and its correlating side effects, you can turn to acoustic modeling. Our jet pipe tutorial model speaks to the benefits of using such an approach.

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### Rotordynamics Fosters the Design of Reliable Rotating Machines

##### Caty Fairclough September 8, 2016

Rotating machinery is an important element in many structures, from wind turbines to engines. The analysis of this rotating machinery — a field known as rotordynamics — is key in reducing noise and vibrations in many areas of technology. Here, we’ll take a closer look at rotordynamics and its relevance within various applications.

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### Using Simulation to Ensure the Cooling Efficiency of Refrigerated Trucks

##### Caty Fairclough September 6, 2016

Refrigerated trucks must maintain a cool temperature in order to avoid damaging the products that they carry. Optimizing the insulation materials and cooling systems of these vehicles is therefore an important step in their design. To ensure that such components work effectively under open- and closed-door cycles, Air Liquide teamed up with SIMTEC, a COMSOL Certified Consultant, to perform heat transfer and CFD simulations with the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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### How to Reuse a Deformed Shape as a Geometry Input

##### Temesgen Kindo September 1, 2016

Suppose you take a piece of metal — a thin sheet, for example — and apply some mechanical loads. The metal will deform and take on a new shape that differs from the original undeformed configuration. Say you now want to use this deformed object as part of a new geometry construction. You can then solve another physics problem on the new composite domain. Today, we’ll demonstrate how to use a deformed object as an input to a geometry sequence.

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### Studying Bioreactor Landfills to Solve a Growing Trash Problem

##### Caty Fairclough August 26, 2016

Around the world, trash is added to landfills at an increasingly rapid rate. Since these landfills take up large areas of land and can cause environmental issues, researchers are looking for safer, space-saving solutions. One option is to convert traditional anaerobic landfills into aerobic bioreactor landfills. This conversion process needs to be studied further, which could take years experimentally. For faster results, researchers at the University of Western Ontario used the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to efficiently analyze this process.

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### Compressibility Options and Buoyancy Forces for Flow Simulations

##### Beatrice Carasi August 22, 2016

The numerical analysis of fluid flow and temperature fields can offer valuable insight in many engineering applications. Efficiency, of course, is important when performing such simulations. Here, we’ll discuss the various formulations for fluid flow equations in the COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation software and when it’s best to use each option, paying particular attention to how this selection influences heat transfer analyses. We will also cover how to set up both natural and forced convection simulations using these formulations.

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### How to Build Gear Geometries in the Multibody Dynamics Module

##### Pawan Soami August 17, 2016

Realistic gear geometries are useful for multibody dynamics simulations when coupled with other physical phenomena. Rather than manually building these geometries, we can use built-in parts available in the Part Library. With these highly parameterized gear parts, we can build a wide range of parallel and planetary gear trains and learn how to use different aspects of the built-in parts to create a realistic gear model in the Multibody Dynamics Module.

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### Optimizing the Hydration Operation in the Thermal Processing of Dates

##### Bridget Cunningham August 16, 2016

Like many crops, the quality of dates is heavily impacted by agronomic practices. In Tunisia, for example, such elements have caused these soft edible fruits to become drier in nature. One approach to improving the quality of these dates is thermal processing, where the key unit of operation is hydration. Combining the power of experimental studies with simulation analyses, a team of researchers sought to optimize the hydration process in order to foster greater efficiency and reliability.

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