T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations
K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany
We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...
J. van Schijndel, S. Uittenbosch, and T. Thomassen
Eindhoven University of Technology
The paper presents the development of a method that determines building material and surface properties using relative simple and low-budget experiments, The method comprehends an optimal design of an experimental set up for smart determination of heat and moisture properties using both normal and inverse modeling techniques. It is concluded that the suggested methodology of the inverse ...
I. Rodriguez, and J. L. Munoz
The field quality requirements of most particle accelerator magnets are very tight and, therefore, very precise simulations are needed to accurately calculate these devices. CERN\'s ROXIE code is widely used as a reference software to calculate normal conducting and superconducting magnets for particle accelerator applications. ROXIE uses the full vector potential coupled to the BEM-FEM method ...
A.-M. Georgescu, S.-C. Georgescu
Hydraulics and Environmental Protection Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
Hydraulics Department, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest, Romania
We propose a simplified numerical method to model the flow field downstream of an axial impeller. The method can be used for any axial hydraulic machinery for which, one is less interested by the flow between the blades, than by the flow field downstream of the machinery. The method is applied to an axial fan for which the pressure - flow rate curve is available. Numerical results are obtained ...
Eindhoven University Of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Windows are the thermal weakest places in the external envelop of buildings. This is true for historic windows with original single pane glazing in historic buildings. To reduce the energy consumption and to improve thermal comfort of historic buildings, replacing these windows by modern double glazed windows affects the authentic character of these buildings too much. One way to improve the ...
J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...
R. López, J. Morales*, M. Vaca, A. Lizardi, H. Terres, G. Bautista, A. Lara
Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Several undergraduate programs include the “Heat transfer” subject and, in our experience, it is hard for the students to grasp the concepts that are presented in the course. With this in mind, we designed and constructed an apparatus for the experimentation of heat transfer in a short bar. It was observed, that the time required to perform the experiment was so long, that the didactic aim ...
University of Texas, Austin
During the past 50 years, Computational Science has developed as its own branch of mathematics. This development was mainly initiated by the progress of modern computers. Todays modeling of physical phenomena must not only account for the computational time but also the time engineers spend on setting up the computation. This in turn has introduced new fields, such as human interaction, to ...
Department of Mathematics, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Partial differential equations have recently become popular and useful tools for several image processing tasks such as image de-noising and segmentation.In this work, we implement a unified image de-noising and segmentation approach which is based on a nonlinear diffusion equation with a reactive term for achieving edge preserving smoothing and segmentation. This model is highly nonlinear and ...