F. Lugli and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A small particle or a nano-sized object placed in a liquid is subject to random collisions with solvent molecules. The resulting erratic movement of the object is known as Brownian motion, which, in nature, cannot be used to any practical advantage both in natural systems (such as biomolecular motors) or by artificial devices. If energy is supplied by external source or by chemical reactions, ...
van Schijndel, A.W.M.J.
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Netherlands
FEMLAB has standard facilities to export models to Simulink. Normally, the standard export works well if the solvers, available in Simulink, can handle the problem. However, if a model in FEMLAB needs special solvers, for example airflow or other non-linear problems, the standard export to Simulink is often not suitable, because the standard solvers of Simulink cannot handle such a problem ...
Berthier, J., Chatelain, F.
Polymerase chain reaction is the most usual way to amplify DNA strands for detection and biorecognition. However efficient biorecognition requires to perform many different PCRs at the same time. We present here a new concept of simultaneous PCRs in capillary tubes and more specifically the dimensioning of such a microsystem. The concept consists in performing different PCRs in annular rings ...
Humboldt Universität Berlin, IGB, Berlin, GERMANY
In vielen Berechnungen des Umweltschutzes, der chemischen Verfahrenstechnik, der Energietechnik und weiteren Bereichen von Wissenschaft und Technik, spielen Transport- und Reaktionsprozesse gleichermaßen eine Rolle. Aufgrund der Wechselwirkung zwischen Transport und Reaktion ist das Verständnis derartiger Systeme schwierig. In der Regel werden daher Modelle eingesetzt, um derartige Situationen ...
Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)
M. Coccia, E. Carminati, F. Rolandone, M. Battaglia, D. Zuliani, and P. Fabris
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy
We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible the ...
TU Berlin, Inst.f.Math., Berlin
Zur effizienten Beschreibung akustischer Systeme werden oft sogenannte Netzwerkmodelle benutzt. Hierbei wird das Gesamtsystem in einzelne (einfache) Elemente zerteilt, die dann jeweils durch ihr eigenes Übertragungsverhalten charakterisiert sind. Besonders einfach lässt sich dieses Übertragungsverhalten darstellen, wenn zwischen den Elementen nur ebene Wellen ausbreitungsfähig sind.1 In ...
Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon
An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.
A. Candeo and F. Dughiero
Department Electrical Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) represents a valid alternative for treating liver metastases in medically complicated patients. Conventional devices currently operate at 500 kHz, due to good conducting properties of tissues. However, the use of lower frequencies (i.e. 20 kHz) has been recently reported to enhance the treatment effectiveness, due to a more pronounced difference in electrical ...
R. Zúñiga-Quesada, M. Vílchez-Monge, P. Vega-Castillo
Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
This work describes the study of a thermal actuator and modifications to the materials employed in order to decrease power consumption and implementation costs. For this study, we worked on improving the thermal actuator described in the work of T. Ebefors. The criteria for choosing the new materials were lower power consumption, commercial availability, and ease processing. The thermal actuator ...
J. Biggs, P. VonLockette, and S. Lofland
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey
Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...