P. Ngankeu, and E. Gutierrez-Miravete
EMHART Glass Research Inc, Windsor, CT, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
The press and blow (P&B) process is widely used to produce glass containers. While the P&B process has demonstrated to be capable of reducing container weight by as much as 33%, it can also induce the formation of micro-checks that weaken container strength. This paper presents a model of the heat transfer due to the intermittent contact of glass with the plunger during several pressing ...
Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Geometric Shape Patterns on the Performance of Miniaturized Chromatography Systems
R. Winz, E. von Lieres, and W. Wiechert
Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Siegen, Germany
We have implemented a two dimensional chromatography model for the analysis and optimization of structured micro pillar arrays. Dynamic surface interaction of solved molecules is taken into account by the kinetic Langmuir model. Variations of the pillar array geometry lead to deviations in the outlet concentration profiles. These deviations cannot be described by the one dimensional models that ...
Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA
In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...
J. McGuirk and P. Collins
Air Force Institute of Technology, WPAFB, OH, USA
The performance of simplified cylindrical cloaks with various material parameters was investigated. The performance metric was the overall scattering width of the cloak with various objects in the hidden region. COMSOL was used to simulate three cloaks with different material parameters to determine the total field in the simulation domain. For all cloaks simulated in this effort, a PEC-lined ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...
Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA
A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.
O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.
F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
Università di Catania
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...
A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
Y. Sheng, S. Rancourt-Grenier, P. Bareil, P. Duval, M. Wei, A. Chiou, and J. Bai
University Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada
National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
A dual-trap optical tweezers is used for deforming the red blood cell (RBC) in suspension and studying its elasticity. The 3D deformation of the cells was computed with the elastic membrane theory. The calculated deformation can fit to experimental data resulting in cell’s elasticity coefficient. The static approach is valid only for small deformation (5-10%). For a large deformation such as ...