B. Boulbène, J. Morchain, and P. Schmitz
Université de Toulouse, NSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, Toulouse, France
We present numerical results involving microorganisms adhering to a plane surface submitted to a shear flow. The purpose is to have a better understanding of the removal mechanisms occurring during the cleaning in place of food processing equipments. The biological cell, i.e. the microorganism, is modelled as a rigid obstacle embedded in the bottom wall of the fluid domain. Shear induced ...
COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...
O. Nemitz, and T. Schmitte
Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
In the inspection of steel products with respect to flaws a magnetic flux leakage (MFL) test procedure can be applied. In this procedure a “horseshoe” shaped yoke is used, whose legs are wrapped with coils through which an alternate current with a high frequency (3 kHz) is flowing. Hereby a thin magnetic field is induced near the surface of the test object which leaks from the material if a ...
Machine Design, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Electrical contacts consists of parts where the surfaces are in contact and where the actual physical contact occur just in a few contact asperity points scattered over the whole apparent contact area. Through these contact spots between the two mating bodies the mechanical load and the electric current is transmitted. Often a soft coating is used to enlarge the real contact area. Modeling the ...
C. Cecioni, and G. Bellotti
University of Roma TRE, DSIC, Rome, Italy
This paper presents a numerical model based on the mild-slope equation (MSE for short) solved using the PDE mode of the software COMSOL Multiphysics suitable to reproduce the propagation of small amplitude tsunamis in the off-shore field. The model solves the governing equations in the frequency domain and allows the reproduction of the frequency dispersion for broad banded spectrum sea states. ...
P. Lezuo, M. Stoddart, and M. Alini
AO Research Institute, Davos, Grison, Switzerland
We aim to develop an in vitro culture system to mimic the human bone marrow stem cell niche in an artificial perfusion bioreactor environment to culture human adult stem cells. State of the art human bone marrow stem cell research shows that even smallest changes in the physical, thermo dynamical or biochemical environment induce a differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells into other cell ...
O. Smirnova, T. Fend, and D. Schöllgen
Institut of Solar Research in German Aerospace Agency
For the numeric investigations of the high temperature compact heat exchanger two numeric models with and without the regards of the velocity field development were used. The results of the comparison of the numeric and experimental data confirm the necessity of regarding the velocity field development for the compact heat exchangers. The two-dimensional simulation task with the regard of ...
Modeling Arterial Drug Transport From Drug-eluting Stents: Effect of Blood Flow on the Concentration Distribution Close to the Endothelial Surface
F. Bozsak, J.-M. Chomaz, and A. I. Barakat
LadHyX, Ecole Polytechnique
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used for treating coronary atherosclerosis. Despite the broad effectiveness of DES, ~5% of treated patients experience complications including in-stent restenosis and late-stent thrombosis. Furthermore, drugs used in DES not only inhibit proliferation of smooth muscle cells but also affect re-endothelialization. We have developed a computational model of ...
N. Ayuso, V. Bataller, A. Muñoz, D. Tardioli, J. A. Cuchí, F. Lera, and J. L. Villarroel
Aragón Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Advanced Research Laboratories of I3A, Walqa Technological park, Huesca, Spain
Institute of Material Science of Aragón, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Propagation models for avalanche rescue systems are studied here. The paper focuses on the through-the-snow electric field propagation at ISM frequencies, comparing several models (air model, snow model, three-layered model) and using different solving method (geometrical optics, numerical solution in Matlab and FEM with COMSOL). The simulation results are fitted to experimental data, finding ...