Smith, M.K., Neitzel, G.P.
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA
A state of permanent, isothermal nonwetting of a solid surface by a normally wetting liquid may be achieved by having the surface move tangentially to a liquid drop that is pressed against it. Surrounding gas is swept into the space between the liquid and solid creating a lubricating film that prevents wetting. The length scales of the drop and the film are typically three or more orders of ...
IEMN, Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, UMR CNRS 8520, USTL Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
The BioMEMS (Bio-Electro-Mechanical Systems) have become of considerable interest because they constitute a converging solution for many pluridisciplinary studies. The different covered fields are the biology (single cell, proteins, enzymes, neurons…), the chemistry (polymers), microelectronics and the microtechnologies associated with. Devices whose aim is the study of biological entities are ...
Cernat, R.1, Brinkmann, C.1, Weißgerber, T.2
1 Universität Dortmund, Lehrstuhl für Hochspannungstechnik und EMV
2 era GmbH, Dortmund
Hochspannungsimpulstransformatoren werden bei Ottomotoren zur Entzündung des Kraftstoff- Luft-Gemischs eingesetzt. Aktuelle Fahrzeuge sind mit zylinderselektiver Zündung ausgerüstet, so dass für jeden Zylinder ein Zündtransformator benötigt wird. Dieser ist direkt über der Zündkerze positioniert und stellt die benötigte Hochspannung sowie eine ausreichende Funkenenergie zur Verfügung, ...
Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...
Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon
An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.
Mathematical Frame-work for the Productivity Index of Wells with Fast Forchheimer (non-Darcy) Flow in Porous Media
E. Aulisa , A. Ibragimov, P. Valko , and J. Walton
 Texas Tech University, Department of Mathematics and Statistics
 Texas A & M University, Department of Petroleum Engineering
 Texas A & M University, Department of Mathematics
In the current paper, similar features for fast or turbulent, non-linear flows subjected to Forchheimer equations are analyzed. Under some hydrodynamic and thermodynamic constrains, it has been shown that there exists the so called pseudo-steady state regime for Forchheimer flows in reservoir media. This invariant is called diffusive capacitance, which is the mathematical model for the well ...
A. E. Khabbazi, A.J. Richards, and M. Hoorfar
School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada
Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.
Simulation of Evaporating Droplets on AFM-Cantilevers II: Confocal Microscopy and Transversal Bending
T. Haschke, E. Bonaccurso, H.J. Butt, F. Schönfeld, and W. Wiechert
 Universität Siegen, Lehrstuhl für Simulationstechnik, Siegen
 Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
 Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz
The evaporation process of microscopic drops was investigated by depositing them onto atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers and measuring the deflection of the cantilever in response to the presence of the drop. We could thus improve a previously presented FE simulation model by comparing the simulations of the cantilever’s transversal deflection to 3-D images of the cantilever’s ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...