Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Investigation on Numerical Modeling Aspects of Hydraulic Fracturing

C. Vinci, J. Renner, and H. Steeb
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Bochum, Germany

During hydraulic fracturing processes, several coupled mechanical and hydraulical phenomena take place. We investigate an elastically deformable fluid-filled fracture embedded in a porous rock matrix. Despite the substantial number of previous modeling approaches, a clear insight into the numerical solution procedure of high pressure fluid injection in a fracture has not been gained. We use ...

Eccentricity of Normal Electric Borehole Sondes with Finite Geometry

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Numerical calculations have been carried out to quantify the effect of the eccentric position of normal electric borehole sondes on the current density distribution and the obtained specific resistivity. In the most calculations the distorting influence of the eccentricity (distance between the axis of the borehole and the sonde) on the specific resistivity is less than 2%, but in special cases ...

Analog and FEM Models of Lava Dome Dynamics

P. Vincent[1], and P. Zevada[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Oregon
[2]Dept. of Tectonics and Geodynamics, Institute of Geophysics ASCR, v.v.i., Prague, Czech Republic

Extrusion of highly viscous lavas that spread laterally and form lava domes in craters of large volcanoes is associated with significant volcanic hazards. Gas overpressure driven fragmentation of the lava dome or collapse and slumping of marginal sections or entire mass of the dome can trigger dangerous pyroclastic flows that threaten surrounding populations up to tens of kilometers away. We ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Geomagnetic Modeling with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

G. Ha[1], S. S. Kim[1], J. H. Kim[1]
[1]Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea

Here we aim to advance geomagnetic modeling approaches using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and improve the degree of detail that can be obtained from the measured magnetic field. First, we carried out benchmark tests by comparing the computed results using the widely used analytic solutions for rectangular bodies with arbitrary direction of magnetization with those from the AC/DC Module of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software: Time-Lapse Electrical Resistivity Inversion - new

T. K. Chou[1], M. Chouteau[1], M. J. Yi[2]
[1]Department of Civil, Geological & Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
[2]Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon, South Korea

Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) method provides a non-invasive way to monitor subtle sub-surface changes caused by water flow such as in an infiltration test. Problems arise when the inversion models contain artifacts due to measurement errors, rapid change in soil electrical property during measurement time, etc. A new approach was developed by Kim et al. (2004) and (2009) ...

Evaluation of Instability of a Low-salinity Density-dependent Flow in a Porous Medium - new

Y. T. Habtemichael[1], R. T. Kiflemariam[2], H. R. Fuentes[1]
[1]Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of this ...

The Effects of a Superparamagnetic Ground on the EMI Response of a Target - new

A. T. Clark[1]
[1]Research & Development, WM Robots LLC, Colmar, PA, USA

Soil’s electromagnetic properties adversely affect the performance of electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors and if conditions are severe enough, render them useless. A simple circuit model is often used to express the electromagnetic induction response of a target analytically. This analytic model produces a response function that contains unique characteristics based on the target’s ...

Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods - new

T. K. Chou[1], M. Chouteau[1], J. S. Dubé[2]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada

The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...

Verification of the Numerical Simulation of Permafrost Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

E. Dagher[1], G. Su[1], T. S. Nguyen[1]
[1]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada

COMSOL® software was used to simulate the conductive heat transfer with phase change in the geological formations encompassed in permafrost surrounding a shallow thaw lake. The purpose of the simulation was to verify the adequacy of COMSOL to model such phenomena by comparing the COMSOL results to those obtained by another FEM model (Ling and Zhang, 2003). The graphical comparison of the ...

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