Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

A Coupled Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Soils

E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON
Canada

This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...

An Extension of Lauwerier’s Solution for Heat Flow in Saturated Porous Media

S. Saeid[1] and F.B.J. Barends[2]
[1]Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...

3-D Multiphysics Modeling of a Producing Hydrocarbon Field

McKenna, J.R.1, Blackwell, D.D.2
1 U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Geotechnical & Structures Laboratory, Vicksburg, Mississippi
2 Department of Geological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas

Thermal anomalies indicating elevated temperatures often are present in producing hydrocarbon fields. This paper discusses precision temperature logs obtained over a salt dome in the Bayou Bleu hydrocarbon field in southwest Lousiana, and presents a 3-D thermal-fluid model of the dome constrained by these types of logs. The numerical model in which both an enhanced thermal conductivity ...

Geodynamic Models of the Vøring Volcanic Margin

T. Pedersen
Institute for Energy Technology, Kjeller, Norway

Volcanic margins are characterized by excessive magmatic activity. One of the most studied volcanic margins is the Vøring margin, offshore mid-Norway. The large volumes of magmatic rocks found there are believed to have been produced by the melting of an abnormally hot mantle. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the hypothesis that the source of this thermal anomaly was a mantle ...

Channels and Melting in Deformable Porous Media

S. L. Butler

Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada

Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...

Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation

X. Sillen
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium

Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...

Designing Materials for Mechanical Invisibility Cloaks

P. Olsson[1], F. Larsson[1], A. Khlopotin[1], S. Razanica[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

Viscoelastic Deformation of the Alaskan Crust and Upper Mantle Subsequent to Regional Earthquakes

Boyd, O.S.
U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, Colorado

Estimates of the probability of earthquakes in Alaska are improved through a finite element, viscoelastic analysis of the evolution of stress in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. A solution to the problem is addressed through multiple FEMLAB applications, two for each subdomain, where each subdomain is a fault bounded block. The first application models the elastic response and sets up the ...

Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization

A. Rijnks[1], M. Darwish[2], and H. Bruining[3]
[1]StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
[2]Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
The Netherlands
[3]Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...

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