Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Localization of Chemical Sources Using Stochastic Differential Equations in Realistic Environments

A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada

Signal processing algorithms for chemical sensing/monitoring have been subject of considerable research interest in the recent years mainly due to their diverse applicability. When the concentration of chemical agent is small, the dispersion of particles is governed by stochastic differential equations describing more complex motion mechanisms such as Brownian motion. In this paper we propose the ...

A Study of Thermo-Fluid Behavior in Tubular Metal Hydride Beds in the Hydriding Process

S. Makridis[1], E.I. Gkanas[1], A. Ioannidou[2], E.S. Kikkinides[2], A.K. Stubos[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[3]Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...

Electric Field Analysis of a Green Rust Surface Treatment Tank for High/Super Alloys

H.K. Yang[1], S.C. Tseng[1]
[1]Institute of Mechanical Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science Technology, Taiwan

In order to perform rust surface treatment for stainless wires, we proposed an electrolyzing equipment to do so. It has the following advantages: safer, cheaper and less environmental pollution. To study the performance of the electrolyzing process, numerical simulation for electric fields will be conducted by using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Taguchi methods was also used to obtain better ...

Chemical Reactions in a Microfluidic T-Sensor: Numerical Comparison of 2D and 3D Models

R. Winz[1][2], N. Schröder[1], W. Wiechert[1], and E. von Lieres[1]
[1]Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
[2]Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany

In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...

Coupled Hydrochemical Modeling for the Optimal Design of an In-situ Redox Experiment

P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], A. Nardi[1], L.M. De Vries[1], T. Karvonen[2], P. Pitkänen[3]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
[3]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland

In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...

Constructing COMSOL Models of a Bacteriological Fuel Cell

R. Coker[1], J. Mansell[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Numerical Modeling of Pit Growth in Microstructure

S. Qidwai[1], N. Kota[2], V. DeGiorgi[1]
[1]Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
[2]Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA

Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...

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