Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

An Inverse Model for Estimating Arterial Wall Elasticity using the Immersed Boundary Method

A. Jeremic, and T. Gadkari
McMaster Univerisity, Hamilton, ON, Canada

In this paper, we develop an inverse finite-element model for estimating elasticity of the arterial wall. We model the blood flow using COMSOL’s Structural Mechanics module, and use the resulting nonlinear functions corresponding to the Navier-Stokes equations in the presence of elastic (immersed) boundary in formulating the cost function.We derive the corresponding least-squares and maximum ...

Mathematical Modeling of Atheroma Plaque Deformation using COMSOL Multiphysics

N. El Khatib1, S. Genieys1, M. Zine2, and V. Volpert1
1Institut Camille Jordan, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France
2Département Maths & Informatique, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Lyon, France

The development of atherosclerosis leads to the formation of an atheroma plaque which takes place in the artery. This plaque is composed of two parts: a lipid deposit and a fibrous cap. The fibrous cap covers the lipid deposit and isolates it from the blood flow. The blood flow that circulates in the artery modifies the geometry of the atheroma plaque and can cause dangerous effects, such as a ...

Modeling Bacterial Clearance Using Stochastic-Differential Equations

A. Jeremic, and A. Atalla
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

In this paper, we develop a mathematical model to simulate the movement of bacteria into and within a capillary segment. Also, we model the transportation through capillary walls by means of anisotropic diffusivity that depends on the pressure difference across the capillary walls. By solving the model using COMSOL, it was possible to predict the concentration of bacteria at points within the ...

Physical and FEM Simulation of Microprobe Insertion into Brain Tissue

A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany

In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...

An Elastic and Hyperelastic Material Model of Joint Cartilage - Calculation of the Pressure Dependent Modulus of Elasticity by Comparison with Experiments and Simulations

T. Reuter, and M. Hoffmann
fzmb GmbH
Research Centre of Medical Technology and Biotechnology
Bad Langensalza, Germany

In this paper we introduce a elastic and hyperelastic model to describe the biomechanics of joint cartilage. As biomechanical property we calculated the pressure dependent E-modulus E = f(s) to describe the dependence of the biomechanical properties on pressure. The calculation based on the comparison and the iterative approach of the force-way-functions between the experiments and ...

An Elastic and Hyperelastic Material Model of Joint Cartilage - Calculation of the Pressure Dependent Material Stress in Joint Cartilage

T. Reuter, and M. Hoffmann
fzmb GmbH
Research Centre of Medical Technology and Biotechnology
Bad Langensalza, Germany

In this paper we introduce a elastic and hyperelastic model to describe the pressure dependent material stress in joint cartilage. We used the pressure dependent E-modulus E = f(s) to calculate the material stress. E = f(s) is a degree 4 polynomial . The indentor was pressed 0.4 mm into the tissue. The results show that the maximal stress at the contact zone between indentor and cartilage account ...

Numerical Homogenization in Multi-scale Models of Musculoskeletal Mineralized Tissues

A. Gerisch[1], S. Tiburtius[1], Q. Grimal[2], and K. Raum[3]
[1]Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
[2]Laboratoire d’Imagerie Paramétrique, UPMC, Paris, France
[3]Julius Wolff Institut & Berlin-Brandenburg School for Regenerative Therapies, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Musculoskeletal mineralized tissues (MMTs), e.g. bone, are hierarchical composite materials. Their effective elastic properties at different scales are of interest for computational studies of the MMT’s response to mechanical loading but also to realistically simulate implant osseointegration. We combine multi-scale and multi-modal experimental techniques with mathematical modelling of MMTs ...

Designing an Array of Nanocalorimeters for Screening Biochemical Interactions

F. Torres
Palo Alto Research Center

In this presentation we present our analysis of the PARC Nanocalorimeter. Calorimetry is basically the measuring of heat of chemical reactions or physical changes. Nanocalorimetry is Calorimetry at the Nanometer scale. The PARC Nanocalorimeter is a special type of Calorimeter, it consists of arrays of Nanocalorimeters. The PARC Nanocalorimeter is intended to be used for screening biochemical ...

Modeling of snRNP Motion in the Nucleoplasm

M. Blaziková[1], J. Malínský[2], D. Stanek[3], and P. Herman[1]
[1]Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
[3]Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic

Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) are essential supramolecular complexes involved in pre-mRNA splicing, the process of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. The particles undergo complex assembly steps inside the cell nucleus in a highly dynamic compartment called the Cajal body. We have previously shown that the free diffusion model does not fully describe the snRNP motion ...

Solid Food Pasteurization by means of Ohmic Heating: Influence of Process Parameters

M. Zell[1], D. Cronin[1], D. Morgan[1], F. Marra[2], and J. Lyng[1]
[1]School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, Agriculture and Food Science Centre, College of Life Sciences, UCD Dublin, Ireland
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e Alimentare, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italy

Pasteurization of solid food undergoing ohmic heating has been analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics on the basis of a previously validated multiphysics model. The simulation of pasteurization by ohmic heating involves simultaneous solution electrical potential within the food, heat transfer, and the kinetics transport of death of microorganisms. In the model, thermo-physical and electrical ...

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