V.V. Narvekar, Q. Fan, and S. Warner
Dept. of Materials and Textiles, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
A computational model is used to describe the current density distribution and the water management in the Nafion® 117 and Nafion®1115/PP composite membranes. The effects of the change in the membrane water content and the back-diffused water on distribution of proton concentration is discussed.
G.H. Miley, and E.D. Byrd
 Department of NPRE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
 Department of ECE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
A model has been designed and constructed for the all-liquid, sodium borohydride/hydrogen peroxide fuel cell. The electrochemical behavior, momentum balance, and mass balance effects within the fuel cell are modeled using the Butler-Volmer equations, Darcy’s law, and Fick’s law, respectively within COMSOL Mutiphysics. The simulations performed with the model indicate that an optimal ...
S.P. Katukota, J. Chen, and R.F. Boehm
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolysis is potentially a sustainable and cost-effective technology for generating hydrogen. The present work is aimed to develop a numerical model for the PEM electrolyzer cell.
S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory
The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...
Optimization of an Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator’s Superconducting Magnet Shield for the Micro-X High-Resolution Microcalorimeter X-ray Imaging Rocket
E. Figueroa-Feliciano, M. Cavolowsky, C. Macklin, Z. Li, A. Sharer, and A. Walker
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
 Olin College, Needham, MA
We are working on the design of a sounding rocket payload to perform high-resolution imaging spectroscopy of the Puppis A supernova remnant. This rocket payload uses Transition-Edge-Sensor Microcalorimeters, which are superconducting detectors that obtain very high (2 eV FWHM at 6 keV) imaging spectra. These devices need to be cooled to 50 mK, for which we are designing an adiabatic ...
M.A. Rojas, and V. Grechka
 University of Houston
 Shell International E&P
We present static and dynamic computations of the apparent properties for stacks of horizontal isotropic layers (VTI symmetry). The effective stiffness tensors of such media are given by the Backus theory for statics in the limit of zero thicknesses of the constituent layers. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to verify the theoretical static bounds for these effective stiffnesses.
Applied Chemical and Engineering Systems
In a Solar Hot Water System, the hot water from the solar collector enters at the top of the storage tank. A relevant question concerning the storage is what will the outlet temperature be. In the present work we present a way to model Solar Hot Water Systems.
Z. Shi, X. Wang, and Z. Zhang
Oakland University, Rochester, MI
Two different two-dimensional mathematical models of the one PEM fuel cell are modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics, each considering a different cross-section. The first Models considers the influence of fluid behavior in the channel, while the second considers the interdigitated flow pattern. Results, including the mass concentration, the polarization curve, potential distribution and velocity ...
W. Huang, X. Huang, and K. Reifsnider
Connecticut Global Fuel Cell Center, University of Connecticut
Meso-scale structures significantly influence fuel cell performance and durability. We have modelled the multiphysics processes in the solid oxide fuel cell cathode-electrolyte interfaces considering the detailed distribution and geometry of the ionic conducting phase, the electronic conducting phase, and the pores. The model is solved using COMSOL Multiphysics and results provide ...
Simulation of the Capacitive Double Layer at the Interface between Microelectrodes and Cortical Tissue Using Comsol Multiphysics and SPICE Modeling
R.M. Field, and M. Ghovanloo
NC-Bionics Laboratory, North Carolina State University
The interface between microelectrodes and biological tissue is of great interest to researchers working on extracellular stimulation. In this paper, we outline a method used to model the complex double layer capacitance at the interface between the electrodes and the cortex. This model relies on the combined power of SPICE, MATLAB, and COMSOL Multiphysics. The goal of this model is to ...