Patch Antenna Model for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

T. Eppes, I. Milanovic, and S. Thiruvengadam
University of Hartford
West Hartford, CT

Patch antennas are widely used in communications links with unmanned aerial vehicles. Their hemispherical send and receive patterns enable the systems to maintain radio frequency contact over a wide range of vehicular attitudes. A microstrip-fed design offers other attractive features including lightweight, inexpensive, and a 3-D structure that can be easily integrated into the fuselage.

This paper describes the performance characteristics of a patch antenna specifically for use in a 2.4 GHz band video downlink. The physical geometry, circuit properties, bandwidth, efficiency, and far field radiation pattern are discussed.