Induction Currents from Circular Coils

Model ID: 124


A time-varying current induces a time-varying magnetic field. The magnetic field induces currents in neighboring conductors. The induced currents are called eddy currents. In this model, the phenomenon is illustrated by a time-harmonic field simulation as well as a transient analysis, where the eddy currents resulting from the source being switched on are studied.

Two current-carrying coils are placed above a copper plate. They are surrounded by air, and there is a small air gap between the coils and the metal plate. The external source is applied as a current density, but the total current density in the coils is obtained only by taking the induced currents into account. The time-harmonic case will show the skin effect, that is, that the current density is high close to the surface and decreases rapidly inside the conductor.